It's an unfortunate fact that all horses suffer injuries at some point in their lives. Manna Pro has compiled a list of the 4 most common types of equine injuries, along with a few helpful hints for how to avoid them. Hopefully, if and when your horse does suffer a minor injury, you're prepared...one tool you can download is Manna Pro's Guide to Caring for Equine Wounds, which provides tons of valuable information on how to treat minor wounds and how to handle more serious situations.
Scrapes and Abrasions
Scrapes and abrasions are common, and can occur as the result of almost any everyday activity, including time in the stall! While they are typically not serious, they can be inconvenient, interfering with your ability to groom or ride your horse, and left untreated even minor scrapes can become infected, leading to larger problems.
Lacerations are tears in the skin, and tend to be jagged or ragged. Unfortunately, they are very common in horses, and can seem particularly scary because they tend to involve a lot of blood. Looks can be deceiving, and a laceration may be easily treated, but if a laceration is deep enough, it may require stitches. The best way to determine this is to rinse the wound with clean water so that you can see it more clearly. When in doubt, call your vet.
Contusions are caused by blunt trauma, most often by a horse being kicked by another horse. Unlike scrapes, lacerations, and puncture wounds, contusions may not give the appearance of being serious, but can in fact be just as dangerous. In the case of a contusion, immobilizing the horse, applying cold compresses, and a call to your vet are in order to determine the seriousness and treatment.
Puncture wounds are a double threat to your horse, because they are dangerous and (due to their location) they can go undetected for a greater period of time than, say, a laceration or scrape, which tend to be visible and generating bloodflow. The danger of a puncture wound lies in the fact that they can lead to infection deep in the tissue if not caught early. Deep puncture wounds need to be irrigated by your vet to remove bacteria in the wound.
Avoiding Wounds in Your Horse
The best way to keep your horse healthy is to follow routine wound prevention measures, including:
- Check stalls regularly for any protuding nails, sharp metal, loose boards, or exposed light bulbs
- Use safe bucket hooks
- Walk pastures often to check for debris and other hazards, including rocks, sharp tree limbs, and thorny plants
- Check fencing for loose boards or nails
- Keep horses to an appropriate number for the size of the turnout to avoid having them injure one another
- Arrange horses in groups that get along
- Turn horses out as often as possible in safe pastures to relieve excess energy
- Provide hay or grass in turnout areas and stalls to provide activity and prevent boredom
Make sure you're prepeared in the event your horse does become injured despite all of your preventative measures. Manna Pro has put together the Corona Proper Wound Care for Horses Guide, a comprehensive guide for the management of minor equine wounds, treatment of cuts, scrapes and abrasions, and emergency care for significant injuries. The guide also includes an Equine First Aid Kit Checklist. Download the guide today!
Have a safe Spring with your horse!
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