Chicken Breeds Spotlight: Rhode Island Reds

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Rhode Island Red Hen
Rhode Island Reds are one of the most popular chicken breeds for backyard flocks for a variety of reasons.  They are dual-purpose, which makes them perfect for small homesteads, and are amazing layers of large brown eggs.  In fact, a well-fed Rhode Island hen can lay as many as 6-7 eggs a week!  They are very hardy in a variety of climates and many report their "RIR" hens to be exceptionally docile.

Rhode Island Red Eggs

The popularity of this breed has lead to excellent availability from most hatcheries, mail-order services, and feed stores.  However, these Rhode Island Reds are an industrialized version of the original breed which the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy lists as recovering.  Some of the easy ways to tell the difference between the modern interpretations of the breed versus the original "pure" breed is the color of the plumage.  The original Rhode Island Red has a very deep, dark, rich, mahogany-like color.  Most Rhode Island Reds from hatcheries or in feed store, the same Rhode Island Red variations found at many commercial egg farms, has a much lighter red color, similar to rust.  Both types of birds are beautiful and productive, so unless you want to show your birds competitively, become a breeder, or help the original breed recover, there is nothing wrong at all with the new version.

One trait that a number of owners have reported with this breed is that they can be especially vocal.  This can, of course, vary by the individual bird.  In my personal experience, my Rhode Island Red was definitely the "loudmouth" of the flock, but not having owned a lot of this breed I can't say if that trait carries over to "most" of them.  Several reports in forums and blogs online, however, seem to have experienced similar noisiness from their Rhode Islands.

Rhode Island Red Baby ChicksThe chicks of this breed are a soft rust color with two dark lines running down their backs.  As they begin to grow up, their feathers start growing in with patterns of rust and black, but the patterns don't carry over into maturity.  A full grown Rhode Island Red hen will weigh about 6.5 pounds with yellow legs and feed, red/orange eyes, and a red/brown beak.  Their color will vary from darker red/browns to a light rust and some hens will exhibit dark black/green tailfeathers.  Roosters are larger, weighing in around 8.5 pounds and generally have the darker mahogany red/brown plumage with dark green tailfeathers.  This breed has a single comb.

Rhode Island Reds are a truly American breed, having been developed in Rhode Island and Massachusetts.  In fact, the Rhode Island Red is the official bird of Rhode Island.  In addition, there are not one, but two monuments to the breed in the state of Rhode Island.  One in Adamsville and one in Little Compton.

Rhode Island Red Hen Rooster

Do you have personal experience with this breed?  Have you found them to be very loud?  Or do you have some tips on how to make the most out of their productive laying?  Leave your thoughts, suggestions or stories in the comments below!

If you are interested in a snapshot of some of the most common chicken breeds, download our Chicken Chart!  This chart lists several breeds along with color variations, average egg production, egg color, temperment and more!

Chart of Common Chicken Breeds


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