City chicken guide – chicken coop ideas and advice from an expert on backyard chickens.

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In 2018, my husband Louie and I decided we wanted to try our hand at raising chickens in the city. I grew up outside of Kansas City on spacious land, where we had room for a barn and pasture that our horses and chickens could live and roam. I have lived in the St. Louis now for 8 years, and I wanted to bring that idea of the barnyard to my backyard in the city. Now, one year later, I have a chicken coop in my backyard with two full-sized laying hens, two pullets, and plenty of fresh eggs. Are you thinking of getting backyard chickens? Are you wondering where to start? I’ve been there! And now I’m here to share some tips and tricks I’ve learned along the way when it comes to building a chicken coop and raising city chickens.

1) Rules are meant to be followed. The first thing I did was check to make sure our city ordinances allowed for chickens. You can find this information by going to your city hall’s official website or contacting them to inquire about the city’s code for raising chickens in the backyard. Some cities have restrictions, such as how many chickens you can have, if roosters are allowed and where you can put your chicken coop. For example, there might be a city ordinance that includes a minimum amount of space between the coop and your yard line. These rules are important to look up and follow when beginning your chicken coop design.

2) Be a good neighbor. We have neighbors on both sides of our house, so before getting the chickens, we spoke to them about our plans to get chickens and where we would place our coop. Speaking with your neighbors first might help eliminate any fears or qualms they might have about living next to chickens in the city. Communication is key!

3) Selecting a breed. At the time my husband and I decided we wanted to get chickens, my parents had four different breeds at their house already; one being Plymouth Rock. We chose to raise Plymouth Rock chickens for a few reasons: 1) we felt they were the friendliest of the group, 2) they’re good sized when fully developed, and 3) they lay large brown eggs.

4) The brooder. The most important thing you should do before you pick up or order your chicks is to make sure you have a brooder set up. A brooder is a small house with a heated lamp. Having a brooder already prepared and in place is important before you have your chicks. The best place for someone in the city to put a brooder is either in a basement or garage, if possible. This is because having a brooder in living quarters of the home could increase the risk of spreading disease, such as Salmonella. Michigan State University suggests using pine wood shavings or chopped straw for bedding and keeping the brooder between 92 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit.

5) Special delivery. After deciding what type of chickens we wanted to raise, we decided to order them from mypetchicken.com and to go with fall chicks instead of spring chicks. There are not as many breeds available in stores during the fall compared to spring. For this reason, we ordered our Plymouth Rock chicks online. The chicks were hatched on a Monday, boxed up on a Tuesday, and safely in our hands on Thursday morning! It was so fun to hear their little peeps at the post office when we went to pick them up.

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6) Chicken coop building. The biggest word of advice I have for anyone getting chickens in the city is to have your chicken coop built or bought before the chickens arrive. If you don’t have the coop ready to go, it can get very stressful very quickly! We wanted something functional that wasn’t going to take up too much of our time and energy to put together, so we bought a prefabricated coop. You can get these at a variety of places such as Orscheln, Tractor Supply, or Amazon. It ultimately took us about 4-6 hours on a Saturday afternoon to get the chicken coop put together.

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7) Coop extension. While we love the prefab chicken coop design we chose, we wanted to give a little more space for our chickens to stretch their wings. To add more room, we built an extension with a chicken coop run. What we did to construct the extension was rope off a square behind our coop and measure it. We then bought boards that my dad and Louie used to build a square extension that brushed up against the prefab coop and our garage. A ramp that extends from the hen house to the extension was also built, along with a door. The door was added so the chickens are free during the day to go in and out of the coop to lay their eggs and roam around. Garden wire (not chicken wire) was stapled to the boards to secure the enclosure. The coop with the expansion equals to approximately 10x10 or a 100 square foot of space for four chickens.

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8) Coop modifications. In addition to the extension, we made a couple other modifications to our chicken coop. Pouring cement as the base of the coop was not an option for us, so we decided to place a box (which is similar to the size/shape of a raised garden bed) under the coop. I love the box for three reasons: 1) the box holds about 8 inches of sand and makes clean up with a cat scooper very easy, 2) the chickens love to roll around in the sand and it acts as a soft bedding for them, and 3) nothing can dig in or out of the coop. Chickens like to scratch, and if the coop were directly on the ground, it could get very muddy and dirty inside. The second modification we made was adding a roof onto the extension. We’re not as worried about hawks or air predators being where we are in the city, so instead of a heavy-duty roof, we bought a $40 sunshade off Amazon and attached it to the boards ourselves. I love the sunshade roof because it’s not completely solid and lets in some sunshine without it getting too hot. It also lets in a little rain which helps keep things fresh.

8) Bedding. For bedding in the extension, we raked up the grass, leveled out the ground, and poured pine mulch. We did this for the same reasons we added the box with sand; it keeps the coop tidy and makes clean up easy. To clean it, once a week we rake it all up to the center, pick out the waste, and then redistribute it around the extension. I think it also helps keep the chickens entertained. I throw a handful of mealworms and a handful of scratch into the pen on top of the mulch each morning and that gives them something to peck at or scratch for throughout the day.

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9) The inside coop. A couple other chicken coop tips are making sure you buy a coop that has windows and doors so you can keep them open and have good ventilation. To keep the odor at a minimum, I sprinkle Coop N Compost in and mix it with the sand. When determining a location for your chicken coop, make sure you’re able to run an extension cord to it so that you can have a safe panel heater in the coop during cold winters and a fan to keep air moving in the hot summers.

Now, are you ready to get started?

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Amanda Terbrock

Amanda Terbrock

Hi friends! My name is Amanda. I have a degree in Animal Science from the University of Missouri and I’m now living the dream working in marketing at Manna Pro. I grew up with horses, dogs, cats and chickens on acreage outside of Kansas City. I’ve migrated across the state to St. Louis where I’ve taken the barnyard to the backyard by starting my own mini city flock. Fresh eggs are becoming an obsession and making sure my girls are living their best life is so rewarding. I hope my learnings from starting a city flock can help you start your own!

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